Culture of Bolivia - The Traveller


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Tuesday, December 27, 2011

Culture of Bolivia

The paths of the Baroque

In 1992, the foundation Paribas and Lorraine house record 617 K launched an ambitious but eccentric to say the least. This is a program of re-discovery of this cultural movement that is the baroque. Thus were born the "Chemins du Baroque".

Bolivia is the country most baroque of Latin America, through its rich art, music, paintings, churches and sculptures.


- At Potosi: the Casa de la Moneda, the convent of Santa Teresa, the gate of San Lorenzo, the interior of the church of San Martín, the Church of Manquiri around ...

- The church of La Merced, the Church of San Francisco, the University Museum, the university, the church of San Miguel, the Convent of Santa Clara, the Recoleta, the cathedral and, to finish off, the jewels of the Virgin of Guadalupe.

- At La Paz: the home of Accounts Arana (the National Museum of Art), the Church of San Francisco. Do not forget the church of Copacabana with its dome azulejo nor the circuit Baroque churches of the Altiplano.

- Between La Paz and Oruro are the churches of Carabuco, Sica Sica and Curahuara. They are more or less in the way of the Camino Real, which linked the Potosí, the financial center of the Viceroyalty of Peru, in Lima, the administrative capital.

- Jesuit Missions of San Javier, Santa Ana, San Miguel and the wonderful church of San José de Chiquitos is the extraordinary set of 75 years of Jesuit presence in South America. The Bolivian Baroque missions, a mixture of art Guarani tribes and missionaries in Switzerland and Austria, is a treat.

- The Blessed: the mission of San Ignacio de Moxos, do not miss the celebration of July 31, during which the musicians leave the Bajon, the panpipes of the largest in the world. 

- For tables see the Museum of Art in La Paz, the Casa de Murillo in La Paz and the Casa de la Moneda in Potosí.


For lovers of Andean music, the real, Bolivia remains the cradle of the charango, the kena and zampoña. The charango, the region of Potosi, is the adaptation of the Andean guitar Italian baroque orchestras. It is with the kena, the most popular instrument in Bolivia. Can be found charangos honorable in shops or markets. The wind instruments of Andean Bolivia have meanwhile not yet been a comprehensive inventory. There are perhaps half a thousand different varieties! 

Baroque music, coupled with the contemporary music of Bolivia, which began to form in the trenches of the Chaco War, will follow a long and tortuous path before reaching its final recognition in the 1990s through the work of several groups.

You will be able to hear the contemporary music, and all other styles of music found in Bolivia, at parties, in the street markets, radio and, of course, in Peñas, those restaurants where artists took turns playing the traditional music or original compositions. Warning, these have become peñas tourist haunts, where you pay a bit expensive sometimes interpreted average....

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