Chile Culture - The Traveller


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Friday, April 27, 2012

Chile Culture

Museums, monuments

- Schedule: most museums are closed on Mondays, and schedules often change from one season to another.

- Reductions: most museums in the country, mainly for children, students with a valid International (French chart is also accepted, although sometimes you need a little stress) and seniors. Some museums are free on Sunday.


Before the Spanish arrived, there were mainly two poles of musical culture: that of the Indians Atacameños North, with a musical cousin of the Incas and the Aymaras, the Mapuches and then Central and South America, whose tradition was less widely used. North Andean music is currently represented by groups like Illapu, Inti Illimani, Quilapayun ...

- The zamacueca appears in the nineteenth century, derived from the Spanish fandango. It then turns into cueca, today national folk dance.

- After WWII, a Chilean is needed at international level: Claudio Arrau (1903-1991), considered one of the finest classical pianists in the world.

- The 1960 Nueva Canción Chilena the lead, with, among others, Victor Jara, Patricio Manns and Parra family. Violeta Parra travels Chile for years, selecting and compiling folk themes from across the country. Shortly before his suicide (1967), she writes Gracias a la vida, which will be taken over by dozens of singers.

- There are still some peñas Chile, kinds of coffee-producing concerts where singers accompanied on guitar.

Silence during the dictatorship

11 September 1973, when the coup, several representatives of the "new Chilean song" are on tour abroad. Except Victor Jara, who was tortured and murdered by the military.

During the dictatorship, the only folk music that is authorized stripped of all social criticism. Musical instruments such as charango and quena are even prohibited, because they are considered revolutionary. Censorship reigns on television and in theaters and festivals. Many artists have to go into exile. The cassettes are carried under the coat.

During the dictatorship, many music and singers protested to text.

Music today

From the 1980s, the term rock music and cebolla. Now, obviously means a lot of English music. However, national groups have pioneered. Salsa made its debut, and salsotecas have opened up everywhere. In folk festivals, dance often cumbia (Colombia).

Musical Instruments

Zampona is the panpipes and Andean Quena flute: it is said to symbolize the wind on the Altiplano ... The charango is a kind of small guitar, which was once made of an armadillo shell. The Mapuche Indians have their own instruments: trutruca (horn from 1.50 to 4 m long), the pifilca (wooden whistle) and kultrún (drum).

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