Florence – Centre of Medieval European Trade & Finance - The Traveller


Monday, June 16, 2014

Florence – Centre of Medieval European Trade & Finance

Florence is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany and of the province of Florence. It is the most famous city of Tuscany which has a population of around 370,000 inhabitants, expanding over to 1.5 million in the metropolitan location.

Florence is a city which is situated on the plain of the Arno and wedged between the hills which made it very popular. It is surrounded by towns, villages and beautiful landscapes, suspended between medieval atmospheres together with the splendours of the Renaissance and is popular of its history and a centre of medieval European trade and finance.

It is also one of the wealthiest cities known at that time. Besides this, it is also considered as the birthplace of the Renaissance which has been called `the Athens of the Middle Age’.

Its political turbulent history consists of periods of rule by the powerful Medici family with numerous religious as well as republican revolutions. Towards, 1865–71, the city had been the capital of the recently established Kingdom of Italy.

Attraction – The Historic Centre

The Historic Centre of Florence draws many tourist every year to this amazing destination and Euromonitor International has ranked the city as the world’s 72nd most visited country in 2009 with around 1.7m visitors.

Moreover it was also declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in the year 1982 and due to its artistic and architectural heritage it had also been ranked by Forbes as one of the most beautiful cities in the world.

The city is also known for its amazing culture, Renaissance art and architecture and monuments. There are various museums and art galleries in this city like the Uffizi Gallery, the Palazzo Pitti, among many others, which exerts a strong influence in the field of culture, art and politics.

With regards to Italian fashion, Florence is considered as an important city and has been ranked among the top 50 fashion capitals of the world. It is also a major national economic centre as a tourist and industrial hub and in 2008 the city had been ranked 17th as the highest average income in Italy.

Museums/Palaces/Churches – Great Artistic Treasures

Florence’s museum, palaces and the churches contain some of the greatest artistic treasures in the world. Besides the Uffizi and Palazzo Pitti, the most popular and important interesting sites include the Cathedral, the Baptistery, the Bargello and the Accademia.

The churches of Santa Maria Novella and Santa Croce are amazing art galleries while the library of San Lorenzo is an excellent exhibition of Michelangelo’s architectural works. To explore more of Florence, one can wander through the oldest street in the city which leads to the Arno River and across the Ponte Vecchio one gets to experience the new area of Florence, the Oltrarno.

The Boboli Gardens is another interesting site to be visited and in order to experience an enchanting view of Florence; you can climb the hill to the church of San Miniato al Monte. The language spoken during the 14th century in the city was and continues as well as accepted as the Italian language.

 Most of the writers and poets of the golden age Italian literature, are connected in some way with Florence which has led them to the use of the Florentine dialect over the local dialects as a literary choice of language.

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